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About Chandler, Arizona
Chandler is a city in County Maricopa, Arizona, USA and the Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA), Phoenix, Arizona. It is bordered by Temple to the north and the west, Mesa to the north, Phoenix to the west, Gila to the south, and Gilbert to the east. According to the United States Census Bureau, the population was estimated at 261,165 in 2019.
History of the Area
In 1891 the first veterinary surgeon in Arizona, Dr. Alexander John Chandler, settled on a ranch south of Mesa studying irrigation engineering. By 1900, he had acquired a total of 18,000 acres (73 km2 ) of land and began to plan a site on the so-called Chandler Ranch. The city office was opened on 16 May 1912.
The staff of the Chandler Museum found that the city celebrated the wrong date on 17 May 2012, soon after celebrating the Chandler Centennial. In May 1912, the founding day was incorrectly advertised by the Chandler Arizona newspaper on May 17 and people had misrepresented the right date over the years, which was Thursday 16 May 1912.
The original town site was bounded to the north by Galveston Street, to the south by Frye Road, to the west by Hartford Street and to the east by Hamilton Street. By 1913, a town center was established featuring San Marcos Hotel, the state’s first grass golf course. High School Chandler was founded in 1914. After 186 residents petitioned the Maricopa County Supervisory Board to approve the incorporation of Chandler on Feb. 16, 1920. Dr. A. J. Chandler, the City Founder, was elected President of the First City Council and First Mayor of the City.
During the Great Depression (although the depression was to blame for canceling a second hotel in San Marcos), most of Chandler’s economy continued successfully. But the cotton crash some years later had a much deeper effect on the residents of the city. Later on, the founding of the Williams Air Force Basin in 1941 led to a small population surge, but only 3,800 people remained in Chandler by 1950. In 1980, it grew to 30 000, and since then the high growth rate in the Phoenix metropolitan area has been stepping up, with vast residential suburbs swallowing old farmland. The establishment of communications and computing companies, such as Microchip, Motorola and Intel, has driven some of this growth.
Since the beginning of the 1990s, Chandler has experienced exponential growth and is ranked among the country’s fastest-growing municipalities. Close to 100,000 homes dot the landscape today and by 2010, the population increased to over 238,000. Chandler continues to be the center of its revitalized historic centre, which includes the award-winning Chandler City Hall and the Chandler Arts Center. In 2010, Chandler was named the National Civic League All-America City. Chandler was the only winner of the 61st annual prize in Arizona. The city celebrated its 100th anniversary in 2012. Throughout the year, centennial events were scheduled.
Chandler has a total area of 58.0 square miles (150 square km2), of which 57.9 square miles (150 km2) is land, and 0.1 square kilometers (0.26 km2) is water, according to the United States Census Bureau.
Chandler exceeded its physical limits except for the remaining county islands and is no longer able to expand to the exterior because of its ties to the Indian community of Gila River, Tempe, Mesa, Gilbert and Phoenix.
Chandler, Arizona, gets an average of nine inches of rain per year. The average US rainfall is 38 inches per year.
Chandler has an average annual snow of 0 inches. The average US snow is 28 inches per year.
Chandler has an average of 297 sunny days per year. The average American time is 205 sunny days.
Chandler gets some sort of precipitation, 35 days a year on average. Rain,snow, sleet or hail that falls to the ground is precipitation. To count precipitation, you must weigh at least .01 inches on the ground.
As of the 2010 census,the population in the town was 236,123, 86,924 and 60,212. The racial composition of the city was 73.3% White, 4.8% Black or African American, 1.5% Native American, 8.2% Asian, 0.2% Pacific Islander, and 8.3% other. 21.9% of the population were Latino or Hispanic of any race.
There were 62,377 households, 41.1% of which had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.5% married couples, 10.5% had female owners without a married husband and 27.2% were non-families. Of all households 19.3% were persons and 3.6% were individuals who lived alone at age 65 or older. The average size of the household was 2.82 and the average family size 3.26.
In the city, 29.8% of the population were under 18 years of age, 8.6% were from 18 to 24 years of age, 38.0% were from 25 to 44 years, 17.8% were between 45 and 64 years of age and 5.8% were 65 years and older. The middle age was 31. There were 99.7 males for every 100 females. There were 96.9 males for every 100 females aged 18 and over.
As of May 2016, there are 101,229 housing units. The median household income in town was $70,456 and the median family income was $81,720. Males had a median income of $44,578 compared to $31,763 for women. The city’s per capita income was $23,904. About 4.6% of families and 6.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.7% of those under 18 years and 8.0% of those under 65 years of age or over.
Computer chip manufacturer Intel has an influential role in city growth strategies with four locations in the municipal area, including its first factory to be designated “environmentally sustainable” under current Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) criteria. Other high-technology manufacturing firms have partnerships with the local government, their operations employing approximately twenty-five% of non-government workers in 2007. Although per capita employment growth in the sector has been in decline in Arizona since 2000, semiconductor and other electronic component manufacturing was largely unaffected; a series of customized grants for the training of net new employees, incorporating the Phoenix urbanized area (twenty-seven thousand workers now commute to work in other communities), resulted in a larger market share of (Californian) industry.
Since 2003, more than 2,900 jobs and investments totaling $3 billion have been created along the Price and Santan freeways, between Arizona Avenue and Gilbert Road in the so-called South Arizona Avenue Corridor. Three shopping malls provide a “strong attraction” to such an open-ended, high exposure trade area: the 1,300,000-square-foot (120,000 m2) Chandler Fashion Center, opened in 2001, has spurred on several courts and laneway developments. In the southern end of the Corridor, Wal-Mart is expected to draw business from as far south as Hunt Highway, bringing with it a “large consumer population” which will improve “the image and perception of the area” in the mindset of many Greater Phoenix residents and state commercial retailers. The northern portion is “attractive and possesses the historic character” for success, which “can be grown to the south”.
Companies headquartered in Chandler include Infusionsoft, Microchip, and Rogers. Bashas’ headquarters is located in a county island surrounded by Chandler.
Chandler’s annual Ostrich Festival is noted. Agriculture was initially Chandler’s main business based on cotton, maize and alfalfa. In the 1910s, ostrich farms were located in the area, responding to the demand for feathers used in women’s hats of the period. This demand ebbed with a growing popularity of the car, but the Ostrich festival was commemorating the legacy of the ostrich farms. In the center of the city is the Chandler Center for the Arts, the 1500-seat regional performing arts venue and Vision Gallery, a non-profit gallery of fine arts representing about 300 regional artists and the Tumbleweed Park, the Arizona Railway Museum. Chandler is to build a 70,000-square-foot (6,500 m2) Holocaust and Tolerance Museum.
Several structures are known as historic and are either included in the National Register of Historic Places or listed as such by the Historical Society of Chandler in the city of Chandler. The Historic McCullough-Price House, a renaissance-style house in 1938, was donated to the city in 2001 by the Price-Propstra family. In 2007, the city was renovated and opened to the public. On 12 June 2009, the McCullough-Price House added a formal listing of the historic and cultural resources worth preserving to the National Register of Historical Sites. The city of Chandler is situated at 300 S, south-west of the Chandler Fashion Centre. Village of Chandler Dr.
Parks & Recreation
On 18 May 2016, Chandler announced that the national non-profit parks and leisure advocacy organization based in Washington D.C. is a 2016 Playful City US environment which was awarded the city the tenth consecutive year (one of only 12 founded U.S. cities that have been recognized for the tenth consecutive year since the program began in 2007). Chandler was renowned for its creative approach to prioritizing the community with its numerous leisure facilities, parks and aquatic centers.
- Chandler Unified School District
Most parts of Chandler have their own addressing system separate from the cities of Phoenix and Maricopa County along with other cities of the East Valley in Gilbert, Mesa and T4-0. The Arizona Road, also known as State Route 87, is the north-south meridian. Commonwealth Avenue is the eastern-west boundary, which is two blocks south of Chandler Boulevard. Apart from the city stretch from Chandler Boulevard to Ray Lane, the address numbers follow a mile-long grid increase of 1000. In some neighborhood street names (90th Place, 132nd Street) and county isles surrounded by the property of the town you can find the remnants of modern county addressing (which corresponds to the system of the city of Phoenix).
Chandler Municipal Airport is a two-lane general aviation facility located south of Loop 202, in the center of the city. The city may in future be served by the Gila River Memorial Airport in the Gila River Indian Community. Stellar Airpark is a private airport in western Chandler which is open to the public. Phoenix-Mesa Gateway Airport, located about 20 km (10 miles) east, offers service to 35 cities in July 2015, is the closest commercial airport to downtown Chandler. Most local residents continue to use the Phoenix Sky Harbor International Airport for international and regional travel, 20 miles (30 km) from downtown Chandler.
Compared to other similar-size cities of the Valley Metro, Chandler has very limited bus services; currently, he is sixth in total behind Phoenix, Tempe, Mesa, Scottsdale and Glendale. Many local roads are dead-end, or have limited service within their limits a few miles from the city. Two express bus routes are currently leaving the town near the center, and a new park and ride facility has been opened recently further south. The landlocked town is pursuing transport alternatives, including the enhancement of the local bus system, with increasing congestion. Proposal 400, which converts transit finance from the city to the county, has partially achieved this goal. The number of frequencies increased along Route 72, Route 81, Route 96 (Since July 28, 2008), Route 112, Route 156 as well as Sunday Bus 72, Route 112 and Route 156. Many routes still have to be transformed into “supergrid” status.
Metropolitan Phoenix Freeways Chandler has three limited highways: Loop 202, the Santan Freeway, which was completed in 2006 and crosses the center of the city along the Pecos route.
Loop 101, which divides West Chandler from the rest of the city, was completed in 2001 on the Price Freeway. In 2007, the majority of employees in the city were over 10,000 along the Price Road Corridor of the city. The industrial pipelines of Air Products located there are unique to the metropolitan area. South of Pecos, the Gila River Indian Community is bordered by the freeway.
Interstate 10 is the western border of the city. The Phoenix neighborhood of Ahwatukee is located on the other side.