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Marana




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About Marana, Arizona

Marana is a northwestern town in Pima County, Arizona, with a small section among Pinal County. According to the 2010 census, 34,961 inhabitants of the city. Around 1990 and 2000, Marana was Arizona’s fourth fastest-growing area in all cities and towns of any scale.

History of the Area

Archeologists in the vicinity of Marana and the middle Santa Cruz valley found evidence of approximately 4 200 years of continuous human settlement. Many important archeological sites were found in the vicinity of Marana.

Las Capas, a large, early farming site, is connected to the nearby Costello-King site near Ina Road and Interstate 10. It was occupied between 4,200 and 2,500 years ago. It is the site of Southwest America’s older known cemetery and North America’s oldest known canals. Here are the oldest tobacco pipes in the world.

Los Morteros, a Hohokam ballcourt ruin, is located on the floodplain of Santa Cruz near the Point of the Mountain at the northern end of the mountains of Tucson. Los Morteros were also found to be the likely location of Llano del Azotado, which was chronicled on the expedition of Juan Bautista de Anza in 1775. The location in the city of Marana is near the current Arizona Portland Cement Plant.

Linda Vista Hill, which dates from 1200 to 1350 A.D., is a cultural site for Trincheras in the Tucson Mountains. The people lived on mountain slopes that overlook arable land along rivers. More than 150 terraces and 75 pit houses are excavated on the terraces in the hillside site. On the hill top is a massive, adobe-walled complex.

From 1150 to 1300 A.D., the Marana mound remains the center of a large platform mound of the Hohokam community. The people lived between the river Santa Cruz and the mountains Tortolita. The mound is surrounded by a wall with adobes. Multiple rooms against the wall were built and associated with 30-35 neighboring residential compounds. In and out of the compounds, as well as wall sections and trash mounds, several house features have been found. The entire complex covers an area of about 1 square metre.

Juan Bautista de Anza, captain of the Presidio de Tubac, led the Santa Cruz River expedition north to found San Francisco in 1775. There were about 200 soldiers and their families in his group, along with a number of escorts. More than 1,000 heads of livestock were brought. They camped at the CalPortland Cement Plant near Marana in the twentieth century. The 15-mile (24 km) segment of the route that the expedition took via Marana is designated as part of the National Historical Trail of Juan Bautista de Anza.

During the Los Morteros study, in the vicinity of the Puerta del Norte trailer court, the Pointer Mountain Station of the Butterfield Overland Mail stagecoach line used from 1858 was found.

In the 17th and 18th centuries, Spanish colonists began to live in this area. Over time they married Native Americans and also developed a class of mestizo settlers. Mining and ranching were the main economic activities from the early years. It was established in 1821 (soon replaced by the Republic of Mexico) as part of the Independent Mexican empire.

This territory was acquired by the United States more than two decades later as part of the purchase of Gadsden; the Mexican cession did not take place following the defeat in the Mexican-American War, ending in 1848.

Charles B. Anway is the first member of the Anway family to be found in the Tucson area, according to historian David Leighton; he came from the east of the United States because dry mountain air was considered to be beneficial for people with tuberculosis as he was. There have been no general use of antibiotics to treat this disease, which has a high mortality rate and no known treatment. In 1919 his brother William came to the city with his two children Louis and Ila, but they decided to settle in the Postvale, Arizona area of North West Tucson.

In 1920, Orpha Ralston was married by the long-standing widower William Anway. She has been a member of the Postvale Co-operative Women’s Club for many years. This group tried to rename the local post office from Postvale to Marana. The city was also called Marana at the time.

Until the First World War, Marana was developed primarily as an agricultural center. It produced commodities crops of cotton, wheat, barley, alfalfa and pecans.

The army built facilities here during the Second World War to support the military effort. Prior to the establishment of the air force, the Marana Airfield (1942-’45) was constructed and operated by the army. It became the world’s largest pilot training center with 10,000 flyers training.

In the afternoon, five Titan missile sites were built in the area as part of a ballistic missile installation complex built around Tucson. During the Cold War, tensions with the Soviet Union were high.

Around 10 square miles (26 km2) were incorporated in March 1977 and by August of that year the 1.500 residents chose their first municipal council. The city started to grow in early 1979 with a targeted annexation policy. It now measures just over 120 m2.

Geography

It is situated at 32°23′12′′N 111°7′32′′W (32.386539, -111.125437), respectively.

It has a total area of 121.4 square miles (313.6 km2), with 120.7 square miles (312.3 km2), of which 0.7 square miles (1.9 km2) is water, according to the United States Census Bureau.

The city extends along Interstate 10 from the Pinal-Pima County line to Tucson City, except around Rillito’s non-affluent community. The city has a farming and ranching tradition. South of the Tucson Mountains and the western half of the Saguaro National Park. Phoenix is about 90 minutes north across Interstate 10.

Climate

The hot temperature of Marana is semi-arid (Köppen climate classification BSh).

The summers are warm and winters are relatively mild. The mean surface area is only 12.19 inches (310 mm) of annual precipitation.

The daytime highs usually hit between 60°F and 70°F (16°C and 21°C) in the dry or sunny winter months with cooling temperatures well below 50°F (10°C), and sometimes under 40°F (4°C) in the night.

Temperatures below the freezing point during this time are not unusual. High temperatures in summer range from 95°F to 105°F (35°C to 41°C), while nights cool down to around 70°F (21°C).

The occasional heat wave can trigger temperatures above 110°F (43°C) during the hot summer months for several days.

Thanks to the North American Monsoon, rain is much more common during the season, and sometimes causes high winds and thunderstorms.

Demographics

The 2010 census included 34,961 people, 11,759 families and 8,871 families living in the city. Thirteen 706 houses, the racial composition of the city being 81.9% White, 4.6% Black or African, 0.7% Native Americans, 5.2% Asians, 0.1% Pacific Islanders, 9.7% other races and 2.2% of two or more breeds. The Hispanic or Latino population was 21.7% of any race.

There had been 11,759 homes, of which 32.5% had children below the age of 18, 63.2% had married couples, 8.2% had a female householder without husband and 24.6% had non-families. 19.3% of all households were individuals, and 5.1% had someone who was 65 or older who lived alone. The average size of the household was 2.81 and the family size was 3.17.

In the city, the population was 26.7% under the age of 18, 7.4% between 18 and 24, 34.3% between 25 and 44, 22.1% between 45 and 64 and 9.5% between the ages of 65 or older. The middle age was 37. The city is 50.1% female and 49.9% male.

The median household income in the city was $68,361, and the median family income was $75,281. The median income for men was $58,932, compared to $37,388 for women. The city’s per capita income was $28,468. About 6.1% of families and 8.1% of the population were below poverty, including 15.0% for those under 18 and 2.3% for those over 65.

Economy

Asarco Silver Bell mine is located near Marana. According to Marana’s 2018 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the principal employers in the city are Marana Unified School District (1,404 employees), Topgolf (435 workers), and Town of Marana (365 employees).

Town Facts

Marana was named after the Spanish word maraña by railroad workers from the 19th century who had to clear a line across the area.

The WGC-Accenture Match Play Championship (the WGC-Cadillac Match Play Championship) was held by Marana in 2007. Together with the world’s top 64 professional golfers, the event was held in late February. In the opening event, Henrik Stenson won and Tiger Woods won in 2008. Geoff Ogilvy won the event in 2009. Ian Poulter won the event in 2010, and Luke Donald won the title in 2011. The tournament continued through 2014 in Marana. (Cadillac was announced as a new 2015 title sponsor and moved to the TPC Harding Park golf course in San Francisco in September 2014.) The Pinal Airpark, located just north of Marana, is located in Pinal County. Many commercial airlines send their aircraft for storage on this platform. It was well known as an air base for the CIA in the 1970s and 1980s. The airport was said to be an American airport. But when a number of fires erupted into the mountains around Tucson in the early 1970s, Airpark officials had to admit that the sites were not tankers from the Forest Service. Locals had requested that they put the fires out. Officials at Airpark stated that these were actually paramilitary cargo aircraft. Access to the Airpark is monitored rigorously.

In 1999, the city bought Marana Regional Airport from Pima County. It does not serve business airlines. For commercial flights into other cities and areas, residents use Tucson International Airport.

Education

Marana has a system of public schools consisting of 16 schools that are operated by the Unified School District of Marana. The Unified School District of Flowing Wells oversees schooling in the extreme southeast of the municipality. Red Rock Elementary and Santa Cruz Valley Unified High both serve the part of the town within Pinal County.

School Districts

  • Marana Unified School District