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About Tempe, Arizona

Tempe is a municipality in Maricopa County, Arizona, USA, with a 2019 population of 195,805 reported by the Census Bureau. The city is named after Greece’s Vale of Tempe. Located in the Metropolitan Phoenix East Valley section, the town is bounded by Phoenix and Guadalupe to the west, Scottsdale and the Salt River to the northern Pima – Maricopa, Chandler to the south and Mesa to the east. Tempe is also the location of the Arizona State University’s main campus.

History of the Area

The Hohokam lived in the area and built canals to support farming. During the 15th century, they abandoned their settlements and a few people and families remained nearby.

Fort McDowell was established in 1865 on the upper river Salt about 25 miles (40 kilometers) north – east of the present Tempe center. This allows new towns to be completed further down the river Salt. The military and Hispanic service were hired to raise food and animal feed in the fort and set up small camps near the river less than a year later, which were the first permanent settlements in the Valley after the Hohokam falls. The two settlements of Hayden were ‘Hayden’s Ferry,’ named after a ferry service operated by Charles T. Hayden and ‘San Pablo,’ situated to the west and eastern of Hayden Butte, respectively. (Phoenix was settled shortly after 1867–68.) The ferry was the only crossing in the town. William Kirkland and James McKinney soon established the Tempe Irrigating Canal Company to supply alfalfa, wheat , barley, oats and cotton with water.

Pioneer Darrell Duppa is credited with suggesting the name of Tempe, which was adopted in 1879 after comparing the Valley of the Salt River with a buttock near the mountain of Tempenear Mount Olympus in Greece, near a height of 91 m.

From 1871 to the early 1960s, it was a sunny town where African Americans could work but were expected to live elsewhere. The first African Americans to buy property at Tempe was Warren and Carol Livingston in 1965.

In 1885, Tempe was selected for the Territorial Regional School, which was appointed Arizona Standard School, Arizona State Teachers College and Arizona State College.

Completed in 1887, Maricopa and Phoenix Railway crossed Tempe’s Salt River, connecting the area to the country ‘s expanding transport system. The Land and Enhancement Company from Temple was established to sell lots in the booming city. Tempe became an economic hub for the agricultural area in the vicinity. The city was established in 1894.

The Roosevelt Dam built in 1911 assured enough water to meet Valley farmers ‘ growing needs. On his way to the Dam, former President Roosevelt applauded the achievements of the people in central Arizona and anticipated the prosperity of their towns in the future. Arizona was recognized as the 48th state less than a year later, and the Salt River Valley continued to evolve.

Tempe developed in the 20th and 21st centuries as a suburb of Phoenix and a hub for education and trade.


Tempe is an inner suburb between Phoenix and the rest of the East Valley. As well as home to Arizona State University’s main campus, in the northern part of the city Tempe has a fairly dense urbanized pattern with a growing skyline. Going south, growth is becoming less dense and consists of family homes, strip centers and office parks with lower density.

The Tempe Buttes are inside. The Salt River runs west through Northern Tempe, and part of the river is dammed in two locations for the construction of the Tempe Town Lake.

The United States Census Bureau reports that the landlocked city has a total area of 104 km2, which is 40.2 square miles. Tether with Mesa to the east, Scottsdale and the Pima-Maricopa Salt River to the north, Phoenix and Guadalupe to the west, and Chandler to the south, the City is bordering the north. It is a land of 40.1 square miles (104 km2), and water is 0.26 km2 (0.26 km2). The total area of the lake comprises 0.32 percent of water.

Tempe is usually flat, with the exception of the A-Mountain logo on the south facing south facing of the University of Arizona, Hayden butte, Twin Buttes and Bell Butte on the west edge of Tempe, and Papago Park northwest of Tempe, within Phoenix. The elevation ranges from 1140 feet (350 m) to 1,495 feet (456 m) above Hayden Butte at Tempe Lake.


In Tempe the summers swell and warm, the winters are cool and largely clear throughout the year. The temperature during the year typically varies between 44 ° F and 106 ° F and is rarely lower than 36 ° F or higher than 111 ° F.

The best time of the year for hot-weather activities is from late May to early July and from late August to late September, based upon the beach / pool scores.


The census for 2010, included 161,719 residents, 63,602 households and 33,645 families. The population was 3,959.4 people (1,528.8 / km2) per square meter. At an average density of 1,674.1 per square mile (646.4 / km2), 67,068 housing units existed. The racial composition of this region is 77.51% White, 5.9% Black or African American, 2.9% Indian, 5.7% Asian, 0.4% Pacific, 8.49% of others, and 3.9% of two or more races. 21.2% of the population were of any race Hispanic or Latino.

63 602 households, 24.4% of which had children under the age of 18, 38.4% had married couples, 9.7% had a woman without a husband in attendance and 47.1% had non-families. The figure is 63.602. 28.5% of all households consisted of individuals, and 4.6% had someone who was 65 years old or older who lived alone. The medium size of the household was 2,41 and the mean size of the family was 3,05.

In the town, 19.8% of the population were under the age of 18,21.3% were between 18 and 24, 33.2% were between 25 and 44, 18.5% between 45 and 64 and 7.2% were between the ages of 65 and over. The average age was 29. There were 106.9 males for every 100 females. There were 107,1 males for every 100 females aged 18 or older.

The median household earnings in the city were $42,361 and the median family earnings were $55,237. Males had a median income of $36,406 compared with $28,605 for women. The city’s per capita income was $22,406. Approximately 7.5% of families and 14.3% of the population below the poverty line, including 13.6% of under-18s and 5.1% of over-65s.


Tempe is the head office of one Fortune 500 company: Insight Enterprises. The company’s headquarters are also DriveTime, Carvana, Limelight Networks, LifeLock, First Solar, Salt Rio Project, Circle K, Fulton Homes and Mobile Mini. Originally located at Tempe, Cold Stone Creamery is currently in operation at 3330 s McClintock Drive in Tempe. Tempe is proud to support emerging enterprises and offers a variety of resources and programmes, including FABRiC (Fashion and Business Resource Innovation Center) and BRiC (Business Resource and Innovation Centre). Tempe is also home to Arizona State University’s first and largest campus. It was the long – time host of the Fiesta Bowl although the BCS game moved to Glendale University Stadium in 2007. Then the Insight Bowl, now known as the Cheez-It Cup, started to be carried. Since 2018 Tempe has not had a bowl game due to renovations to Sun Devil Stadium. The Regional Headquarters of Edward Jones Investments and State Farm Insurance is located in Temple.

Tempe houses several venues including the Gammage Auditorium and the Arts Center Tempe.

Tempe Town Lake is home to several national and international events like the Ironman Arizona Marathon and Rock n Roll. In 2004, one of three presidential debates was organized at Gammage Auditorium, and Super Bowl XXX was played in Sun Devil Stadium. Tempe is also the spring training hometown of the Anaheim Los Angeles Angels.

Arizona Mills, one of the largest shopping centers in Arizona, is located on the border with Guadalupe. The first IKEA branch in Arizona was located in the city, also close to the southern border. The market is located just southwest of Tempe lake, a large open air mall with live music, water and laser shows. Tempe can offer a wide range of wholesalers and manufacturers. Mill Avenue is a shopping and entertainment area in the city popular with pedestrians and students, just west of Hayden Butte. The completion of Tempe Town Lake has quickly transformed the townscape of Mill Avenue and the skyline in central Tempe into business and high – level development along the reservoir.


The Tempe Center for the Arts (TCA), opened in September 2007, is a cultural crown jewel for performing and visual arts. The venue is worth $65 million, including a state-of – the-art 600-seater theatre, a 200-seat studio, a picturesque 200-seat multifunctional venue, and a 3,500-square-foot art gallery.

The Tempe Public Art program coordinates artists and designers for the installation of permanent and Tempe public art programs. Since 1988, the Tempe Community Services Division has commissioned more than 50 projects. The Private Creation Ordinance of 1991 led to the addition of over 60 private pieces of art, which the public can view.

During the 1980s and 1990s, Tempe enjoyed a thriving alternative musical scene, producing acts like the Gin Blossoms, Meat Puppets, The Refreshments, Roger Clyne and the Peacemakers, Hans Olson, The Maine and Injury Reserve.

The Tempe Music Walk recognizes chosen artists, performers and music venues with plaques embedded in Mill Avenue’s sidewalk. The awards include the Gin Blossoms, Walt Richardson, Hans Olson and Long Wong.

The local library is Tempe Public Library. The local library.

There are many reasons why people visit Tempe places and events, like P.F. Chang’s Arizona Marathon Rock ‘ n ‘ Roll & 1/2 Marathon, Tempe Marketplace, Mill Street, and Temporary Town Park. Chang’s Rock’n ‘ Roll

On downtown Mill Avenue, the Tempe Tourism Office provides maps and additional information about hotels and upcoming events in the city.

Parks & Recreation

Tempe is home to a large number of outdoor activities. Tempe Town Lake is a publicly accessible Tempe City lake. The lake gives residents and tourists leisure activities, but also helps to protect the area from floods. The town of Tempe reported 2.7 million visitors to the lake in 2013. Papago and South Mountain Parks offer hiking, mountain biking and road bicycling, climbing rocks, disc golf, and horse riding. In Tempe downtown (ASU campus), Tempe Butte 300 meters high is the location for several walking and cycling trails. The annual Ironman Triathlon is also held in Tempe in late November.

School Districts

Tempe is served by several districts of the city. Most Tempe residents are in the Tempe Elementary School District and in the Tempe Union High School District; however, the Kyrene School District (K-8), the Scottsdale Unified School district (K-12). The area is also home to James Madison Preparatory School and Tempe Preparatory Academy.

The Emmanuel Lutheran School is the Christian Pre-K-8 Grade School for the Tempe Lutheran Evangelical Synod of Wisconsin.

The college town also contains one of the state’s three main colleges, the Arizona State University, the administrative bureaus of Maricopa County Community College District and Rio Salado Community College’s Headquarters. Arizona State University is well-known for its numerous science studies and innovations that include advancing knowledge about certain cancers, business management research and population science. The University of Phoenix, Brookline College, Southwest College of Naturopathic Medicine, Southwest Institute of Healing Arts, Bryan University and Lamson’s Junior College are also the homes of Tempe.


Tempe is one of the most populated cities in the State and is a center for the largest communities in the area.

Freeways make up the valley ‘s main transportation system. Interstate 10 on the West side of the Broadway Curve, loop 202 on the North side, loop 101 on the Eastern Border and the United States are included in the network throughout Tempe. Route 60 passes east – west through the city center.

Phoenix light rail runs through Tempe Town Lake at night, Valley Metro runs on bus routes and the Valley Metro Rail system which serves Phoenix and Mesa City Center and Arizona State University. The City is running a free Orbit neighborhood circulator service with five free shuttle lines in the vicinity of Arizona State University that run seven days a week on an ongoing basis. In northern Tempe, three other FLASH (Free Local Area Shuttle) circulations around the university. Residents and commuters use public transport more frequently and service is delivered more often than elsewhere in the Phoenix valley or the whole state. Most Tempe buses offer a 15-minute rush – hour service and a 30-minute ride the rest of the day.

Located 2 km northwest of Tempe, the Phoenix Sky Harbor International Airport offers extensive air service to locations in North America and to London , England and to Hawaii’s various cities.

Based in Mesa, Phoenix-Mesa Gateway Airport provides air service to a variety of other destinations.

Tempe was the first recorded murder of a peasant by an automobile on 19 March 2018 in the world. A Uber car under software control was driving at 38 minutes per hour on a road of 35 minutes when he collided with Elaine Herzberg, a 49 year old, who was crossing the road.

The 4.8 km 14 Tempe Streetcar stations will be completed in 2021.